雅思考试阅读的题材有哪些

时间:2020-09-16 16:48:24

想要提高雅思阅读成绩,需了解雅思考试阅读题材。下面小编就和大家分享雅思考试阅读的题材,希望能够帮助到大家,来欣赏一下吧。

雅思考试阅读的题材

雅思阅读题材内容十分丰富,社会历史类题材占据比例很大,达到了25%,内容包含有电报的发展史,澳大利亚初期殖民地与早期城市建设等。

另外的雅思阅读题材包含是科学技术类,考察的内容主要是氟化物,植物净水,谷物合成塑料,太空图像以及语音的应用等,关于此类题材有许多的专业术语,有一定背景知识还可以帮助对于文章的整体把握。把这两大类题材除外,动植物与商业管理类题材会紧随其后,占据的比较都是13%。动物类出现的内容一般是动物习性及行为研究,例如澳洲野狗,水獭 (Otters), 塔斯马尼亚虎(Tasmanian Tiger),生物的模仿行为(Copy your neighbor)等。

商业管理类牵涉有广告营销,贸易,员工管理以及多任务处理管理等内容。

除此之外,文化艺术类,人类研究类,教育心理类以及医疗健康类出现频次相对会更加的小,占据的比较都不会超过10%。

其实这样大家能看出雅思阅读从文章题材上,题材涵盖面十分的广泛,社会历史类,科学类,动植物类以及商业管理类占据比较大。建议考生们多注意相关话题词汇的积累,把以前的机经除外,能够通过多看纪录片,社科文章等增加一些阅读量和背景知识,全面提高英语综合水平。

雅思阅读材料:金融危机给我们的五大教训

With the two-year anniversary of the collapse of Lehman Brothersapproaching, economists are listing lessons learned. Among them isRichard Berner of Morgan Stanley。

随着雷曼兄弟(Lehman Brothers)崩溃两周年的日子临近,经济学家们纷纷列出了从中吸取的教训。摩根士丹利(Morgan Stanley)经济学家贝尔纳(Richard Berner)就是其中的一位。

Here are his five lessons, drawn from a presentation at recentconference sponsored last month by the Central Bank of Argentina andelaborated on in a note to clients last week:

以下就是贝尔纳列出的五大教训;他在为上个月阿根廷央行主办的一次会议准备的发言稿中列出了他的看法,并在上周的一份客户报告中进行了详细阐述:

1. A strong and well-regulated financial system should be the firstline of defense against financial shocks ....he more free-marketoriented we want our economies to be, the more we need officialsupervision and oversight of our financial institutions and markets.That's because truly free-market economies involve a high risk ofbusiness failure, and corresponding high risks to the financialinstitutions and investors that lend to and invest in those businesses.A key lesson from this crisis is that competition among lenders breedsinnovation, but also instability。

强大与监管得力的金融体系应该是抵御金融冲击的道防线。我们越希望我们的经济以自由市场为导向,就越需要对金融机构和市场实施官方的监督和管理。这是因为真正的自由市场经济包含了很高的企业破产风险,相应的,向这些企业投资和放贷的金融机构和投资者也面临着高风险。此次危机的一个重要教训就是贷款商之间的竞争既培育了创新,但也带来了不稳定性。

2. Aggressive and persistent policy responses are the second line ofdefense ... [F]rom past crises like Japan's lost decade, we learned thatthe persistence of policy support is also critical to facilitatebalance-sheet cleanup, offset the drag on the economy, and preventdeflation ... For market participants, understanding just how persistentpolicy support will be is important; they want central bankers to makea clear distinction between the end of easing, which is now underway,and exit strategies or the beginning of tightening, which lie ahead。

积极和持续的政策反应是第二道防线。从日本"消失的十年"等过去的危机中,我们可以发现,持续的政策支持同样非常关键,这能够推动清理资产负债表,消除拖累经济增长的因素,还能阻止通货紧缩。对市场参与人士来说,获知政府政策扶持的持续时间很重要;他们希望央行官员作出明确表述,区分宽松政策结束(目前正在进行)以及刺激政策退出,或是紧缩政策开始(未来将发生的)。

3. Macroprudential supervision and asset prices should both playbigger roles in monetary policy .... There is broad agreement that aglobal focus on systemic risk is needed. There is less agreement onexactly how to define and implement it。

宏观金融监管和资产价格都应当在货币政策中发挥更大的作用。各国普遍认同,系统性风险需要引起全球的关注。但这一问题如何具体限定以及如何实施,各国却基本没有达成共识。

4. Flexible exchange rates enhance the ability of monetary policy to respond to shocks。

灵活的汇率能增强货币政策应对危机的能力。

5. Global imbalances contributed to the crisis by allowing internalimbalances to grow. ... [R]ecession is helping to rebalance the US andglobal economies and markets. The question now: Will this rebalancingprocess be benign and sustainable for economies and markets, or will itbe disruptive? I worry about the latter because current US policies areexpanding rather than reducing imbalances, and officials elsewhere arelimiting exchange-rate adjustment。

全球失衡会导致各国内部失衡扩大,从而加剧危机。衰退正促使美国和全球其他经济体和市场重新回到平衡。目前的问题是:对经济体和市场来说,这种重新平衡过程是否是温和以及可持续的,还是会带来破坏?我担心会出现后面一种情况,因为美国当前的政策是在扩大而不是缩小失衡问题,而其他国家的官员正在限制汇率的调节作用。

雅思阅读材料:如何应付一个野蛮女友

Girls are not easy to comprehend or handle.

女生让人琢磨不透,也难以对付。

While mood swings and unpredictable behaviour are common traits of women, there are a handful who add unreasonable difficulty in managing them. If you are in a relationship with one such woman, then you need to hold your ground and learn how to tactfully handle her and the situation.

情绪波动和行为率性已经是女性众所周知的特点,而有些女性简直不可理喻、难以对付。如果你恰好在跟这样的女性交往,那你可得稳住立场,懂得怎样机智地制服她以便控制形势。

1. Don’t compromise

绝不妥协

A difficult girlfriend can jeopardise your relationship and also your sense of self. So as to ensure she doesn’t harm your mental health in any way, you must learn to hold your ground and not over compromise.

野蛮女友不仅不利于你俩的关系,还会危及你的自我意识。为了防止她危害你的心理健康,你必须懂得坚定立场、绝不妥协。

2. Draw boundaries

划清界限

Having well defined boundaries will also help in handling the situation. Have a clear sense of what behaviour is acceptable and what is not. If she oversteps, then it falls on you to get her back on track. You can do this in a gentle yet strict manner; you don’t have to get aggressive or violent.

界限分明也有利于控制形势。你要清楚哪些行为可以接受,哪些则不可以。如果她不规矩,你就有责任帮她恢复常态。你可以温和而严肃地处理此事,这样就不会显得粗暴无礼了。

3. Communicate

沟通交流

Maybe she is behaving difficult because she is insecure or she isn’t happy with something in the relationship. If she doesn’t initiate conversation, you should. Ask her what is wrong and why she is behaving the way she is. Communicating and talking over things can help salvage the situation.

有时候女友表现野蛮或许只是因为她没有安全感,或许是对你俩的关系不甚满意。如果她没提出要谈一谈,那你就有责任这么做。问问她到底怎么了,为什么要这样做。交流谈心有利于解开症结。

4. Patience

耐心

Sometimes, what action cannot achieve, patience can. The key to a successful relationship is patience and you must make it a point to practise some.

有时候,行动倒不如等待。耐心是一段好关系的关键,你必须引以重视并时常践行。

5. Spiritual guiding

精神开悟

Perhaps what you need to get through a difficult relationship is some spiritual intervention. Seek the blessings and guidance of a higher authority and they might just show you the right path.

有时候要对付不良关系就得给她“洗脑”。向长辈寻求开导和指引吧,或许你能茅塞顿开。

6. Seek help

寻求帮助

There is no shame in seeking professional help. Go for couple counseling sessions and work through your problems with the assistance of a professional. This might really help save your relationship and will help her understand how she needs to take it down a notch.

寻求专业帮助没什么好丢脸的。找个婚姻咨询所,通过专业人员的帮助解决你俩的问题。他们或许真能拯救你俩的关系,让你女友懂得怎样放低姿态。

7. Ignore/call it off

视而不见/结束关系

If the situation gets unreasonable and the girlfriend, too demanding, it is best to ignore the whole thing. If that doesn’t work, then it is time to call it off.

如果形势无法控制,而女友又太吹毛求疵,你还是视而不见吧。如果这还不管用,那是时候说再见了。


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