雅思阅读略读方法分享

时间:2020-09-16 16:38:27

雅思阅读时间紧张,同学们不可能精读整篇文章,所以,学会略读很有必要。然而,雅思阅读怎样略读呢?下面小编就和大家分享雅思阅读怎样略读呢,希望能够帮助到大家,来欣赏一下吧。

雅思阅读怎样略读呢

雅思阅读略读要点一、要利用印刷细节

比如书或文章的标题、副标题、小标题、斜体词、黑体词、脚注、标点符号等,对于书与文章做预测略读。预测略读需要把作者的思路、文章方式(模式)了解,从而方便把握大意,有关的细节及其相互关系。

雅思阅读详解之略读要点二、以一般阅读速度,阅读文章开始的一、二段,争取把文章大意抓住、背景情况、作者的文章风格、口吻或语气等。

雅思阅读略读要点三、把段落的主题句和结论句阅读。同时抓住主题句便掌握了段落大意,而后略去细节不读,以求得略读速度。

雅思阅读略读要点四、留意到转折词和序列词。转折词如however, moreover, in addition等;序列词firstly, secondly等。

雅思阅读略读要点五、若无需要,不必阅读细节。

雅思阅读同义词转换:剑四test3

1. quotation= a sentence or phrase from a book, speech etc which you repeat in a speech or piece of writing because it is interesting or amusing 引言n.

2. exemplify= example=case=instance=to be a very typical example of something=to give an example of something 例证 v.

3. explain=tell=say what/why/where etc=show=demonstrate=go through=throw/shed light on=set out解释v.

4. outline= to describe something in a general way, giving the main points but not the details概述 v.

5. purpose=aim=point=idea=objective=object=goal= target=end目的 n.

6. encourage=persuade=persuasion=get somebody to do something=influence=encourage=talk somebody into=put somebody up to鼓励 v.

7. loan= an amount of money that you borrow from a bank etc. 贷款 n.

8. poverty= being poor贫穷n.

9. crime= illegal activities in general犯罪 n.

10. reject=to refuse to accept, believe in, or agree with something 拒绝 v.

11. employ=give somebody a job=take on=engage= appoint=recruit=sign up雇佣 v.

12. courier=a person or company that is paid to take packages somewhere快递员 n.

13. storage=keep=store=keep something in storage=preserve 存储n.

14. facility=rooms, equipment, or services that are provided for a particular purpose 设备n.

15. ambitious=ambition=power-hungry/power-mad=competitive= determined to be successful, rich, powerful etc.有志向的,雄心壮志的 adj.

16. effort=to try very hard to do something= attempt=campaign=drive努力 n.

17. feature= a part of something that you notice because it seems important, interesting, or typical;a part of the land, especially a part that you can see: a part of someone's face, such as their eyes, nose etc特点 n.

18. planet= the world=earth/Earth=the globe 地球 n.

19. unpredictable=can't say/tell=unforeseeable=it remains to be seen 无法预测的 adj.

20. machinery=machines, especially large ones= a system or set of processes for doing something=machine=device=robot=appliance=mechanism 机械 n.

21. ultimate=someone's ultimate aim is their main and most important aim, that they hope to achieve in the future= final最终的,根本的 adj.

22. atmosphere= the feeling that an event or place gives you= the mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth气氛; 大气n.

23. occur=happen=take place=there is=come about=come up=turn up=arise=strike发生v.

24. expand= get bigger=grow=swell up=stretch扩张,扩大v.

25. form= type= way something is/appears=shape形式 n.

26. emerge=appear=become visible=come into view/come into sight=come out=reappear 出现 v.

27. emit= to send out gas, heat, light, sound etc 发出,放射 n.

28. situation= circumstances=position=case=plight情况,状况 n.

29. self-conscious=worried and embarrassed about what you look like or what other people think of you自觉的 n.

30. generate= to make someone have a particular feeling= form=produce=create 产生 v.

31. various=there are several different types of that thing=different=a variety of something=differing=varying=an assortment of something=assorted=a mix of something=a mixture of something各种各样的 adj.

32. convenient= a thing or way of doing something that is easy and quick; a time or arrangement that is convenient 方便的 adj.

33. objective=impartial=neutral=not take sides=unbiased=disinterested客观的 adj.

34. enquiry=investigate=make inquiries/enquiries=go into=probe=look into=solve=be under investigation 调查

35. observe=notice=can see/can tell=see=spot=detect=note become aware/conscious=catch somebody's eye=perceive观察 v.

36. comment=remark=thing to say=point=statement= announcement=declaration=observation评论

37. include=consist of=comprise=be composed of= be made up of包含,包括 v.

38. focus on=deals only with=concentrate专注于 v.

39. affect=have an effect=have an impact=take effect= make a difference=impact影响 v.

40. gained from=come from=be based on=originate= go back to=have its origins in=have its roots in=derive from/be derived from=develop from/evolve from产生于…. V.

41. concern=worry=stress=anxiety=strain= a feeling of worry about something important关心,担心n.

雅思阅读单词记忆的突破方法

雅思阅读单词记忆——单词准备单词卡片,循环背诵

一般IELTS阅读中涉及词汇量比较大,但考生具备4000左右即可应考。单词贫乏的考生,一定要及时补充词汇,打下扎实的基础。在考试时很容易遗忘或混淆单词的意义,为了避免类似情况发生,一定要加强单词意义的理解。对此,考生可以制作单词卡片,正反面各写英文和中文解释。制订计划每天背一定量的生词,循环背诵并不断补充。当然,最有效的是阅读文章时记忆单词。

雅思阅读单词记忆——句子参考上下文,分析主谓结构

在句子理解方面,考生最容易犯的错误就是根据自己已有经验片面理解。IELTS阅读中有的题目考的是对于文章中某一句子的理解,要参考上下文客观地看问题。考生应对一些复合句,尤其是双重否定句、比较句、指代句等有较深了解。特别在遇到复杂句时,应静心思考,从把握句子主干一一主谓结构着手来分析解剖句子结构。

雅思阅读单词记忆——阅读扫描全文,做出标记

雅思阅读追求速度(speed)与准确度(accuracy)的完美结合。快而不准或准而太慢都会影响考分。考生在勤奋练习的时候掌握一些阅读技巧将达到事半功倍的效果。快速阅读最关键的是在扫描全文的时候把握每段的主旨,并做出标记,在看完全文后对文章的结构主题有大致的了解。此外,考生以单词为单位看文章,遇生词就停顿等坏习惯都要极力避免。

总之,考生平时多看、多读、多听、多说、多写,多接触英文(much exposure to English)再运用一些阅读技巧,拿下雅思阅读并非一件难事。


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