掌握7种方法 调整托福写作中的混乱句式

时间:2019-06-18 16:24:23

  在备考托福写作的时候,相信大家都买了不少参考书,并且背诵了不少好段子,但是有的考生依旧托福写作成绩不理想。究其原因在写作时可能不太在意一些语法上的问题,下面是学习啦小编给大家带来的掌握7种方法调整托福写作中的混乱句式,供大家参考!

  掌握7种方法 调整托福写作中的混乱句式

  托福写作中的7大语法规范。一篇好的文章是由一个个句子堆砌起来的,每一句话都是这篇文章的重点我们万万不可忽视,在这里面不仅仅体现了考生的语法用词,还能体现考生对于题目的思路看法。

  1. 不完整的句子

  (1) If you find that writing is hard is because it is hard. One of the hardest things that people do.

  If you find that writing is hard is because it is hard—one of the hardest things that people do.

  (2) Stereotypes are a kind of gossip about the world. A gossip that makes us prejudge people before we ever lay eyes on them.

  Stereotypes are a kind of gossip about the world, a gossip that makes us prejudge people before we ever lay eyes on them.

  Stereotypes are a kind of gossip about the world that makes us prejudge people before we ever lay eyes on them.

  2. 分词短语作状语的错误

  Holding her in his arms, the moon hid behind the cloud.

  As soon as the moon hid behind the cloud, he held her in his arms.

  3. 修饰词错位

  (1) Romeo received word that Juliet was dead from another messenger.

  Romeo received word from another messenger that Juliet was dead.

  (2) After leaving the stage, the audience’s applause called the musicians back for an encore.

  After the musicians left the stage, the audience’s applause called them back for an encore.

  (3) Disruptive in the classroom, a teacher may become exasperated with hyperactive children.

  Disruptive in the classroom, hyperactive children may exasperate a teacher.

  4. 串句

  Unproductive or uncooperative workers can seriously harm an organization, for this reason, employers need to have accurate information about employee performance, but when employees have full access to their own personnel files, co-workers and even supervisors will often find it difficult to give frank criticism of underachievers or to report troublemakers.

  Unproductive or uncooperative workers can seriously harm an organization; for this reason, employers need to have accurate information about employee performance. But when employees have full access to their own personnel files, co-workers and even supervisors will often find it difficult to give frank criticism of underachievers or to report troublemakers.

  5. 时态错误

  The researchers admitted that they falsified crucial data in the study.

  The researchers admitted that they had falsified crucial data in the study.

  6. 代词错误

  (1) Too often people either keep their feelings to themselves or take it our on others.

  Too often people either keep their feelings to themselves or take them our on others.

  (2) Each girl and boy must do their part to keep the home fires burning.

  Each girl and boy must do her or his part to keep the home fires burning.

  (3) This college has their own entrance requirements.

  This college has its own entrance requirements.

  (4) If one wishes to participate in the political process, you can begin by voting regularly.

  If one wishes to participate in the political process, one can begin by voting regularly.

  (5) The fire in the library was finally put out. For a while, they thought an unhappy employee might have started it.

  The fire in the library was finally put out. For a while, the library staff thought an unhappy employee might have started it.

  7. 结构混乱

  Because Hemingway’s style is simple makes his writing accessible to all readers.

  Because Hemingway’s style is simple, his writing is accessible to all readers.

  Hemingway’s simple style makes his writing accessible to all readers.

  托福写作常见陷阱

  很多学生可能词汇量不少,语言组织能力也不错,可是到了写作的时候却总是的不了高分。这种情况主要是因为学生的思路还是过于闭塞或者主体不够突出等问题,那么下面小编就给大家总结了影响写作的三个大问题。

  托福写作常见问题有:

  1.托福作文思路打不开,或者观点太武断,想当然的把自己认为的事情当成事实;

  2.用英文表达中文思想不流畅,用时过多,甚至有中式英语。长句运用不熟练还特别喜欢用长句;

  3.语法问题比较多,如词性误用、时态不正确、主谓不一致等。

  对于这些问题,下面小编将会给大家简单地介绍一下它们的分类解决方法:

  1.关于思路

  同学们的两种习惯性思维方式——“一边倒”和辩证分析,现在我就解析一下这两种思维方式的利弊,顺便说一句,推荐使用第二种。

  “一边倒”的好处是思考时间相对来说会比较短,不用想太多太复杂,分观点不会冲突。但是容易出现上文提到的“太武断”问题。而且也限制思路、限制发挥。而辩证分析更符合国外critical thinking的思维模式,思维的广度和深度更吸引评卷老师。但要小心控制审题时间,提升打字速度,以免没办法在规定时间内把自己的思想表达完全。

  2.关于中式思维和中式英语

  英语基础不佳的同学初期可通过背诵好句子来培养语感。但这只是初期的工作,之后还是要渐渐学会独立,练一练中英对译。

  要知道语言都是思维的外部表现,归根结底还是反映你脑中的思想。所以想要写出正统的英语而非chinglish,还是要学会从构思开始就直接在脑中构成英语句子。很多同学喜欢先想好中文内容,然后逐句翻译,这是很容易出问题的。

  3.关于本不该丢分的语法错误

  新托福写作中的语法错误一方面与你的英语功底有关,一方面也与你的写作坏习惯有关。

  这里涉及到英语基础的情况就不谈了,大家自行把好语法关,但一些分明有语言能力却出错丢分的情况不得不提。在写作时,首先自己的审查必不可少,时间再紧也要预留检查的时间。其次不可过度沉迷长难句,没有把握的句子还是不写为妙。另外最重要的是,站在阅读者的立场来看待文章,很多主谓不一致或缺少句子成分,都是考生自己觉得心知肚明,却没有考虑到要对他人交代清楚。