托福独立写作高分从头开始

时间:2020-08-01 18:49:19

托福独立写作高分从头开始 ,开头段4种精彩写法实例介绍。今天小编给大家带来了托福独立写作高分从头开始,希望可以帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

托福独立写作高分从头开始 开头段4种精彩写法实例介绍

托福独立写作开头段高分写法:开门见山

题目:

Businesses are as likely as are governments to establish large bureaucracies, but bureaucracy is far more damaging to a business than it is to a government.

模板:

Contrary to the statement’s premise, my view is that businesses are less likely than government to establish large bureaucracies, because businesses know that they are more vulnerable than government to damage resulting from bureaucratic inefficiencies. My position is well supported by common sense and by observation.

点评:

开门见山式的开头段写法其实是比较标准的一种写法,因为托福的独立写作从题目要求来说本质上就是一篇议论文,而且还是立论文,需要考生自己提出观点然后论述证明。那么在开头段就直接鲜明地亮出观点无疑是很合理的写法,对考官来说也能第一时间就看到你的观点,可以说是对读者比较友好的一种写法。比如上面的这个模板,就是第一句话直接写出了自己对题目的反对立场,并且最后给出了引出下面正式论述的引导句。这种开头段写法虽然不玩花样看似有点平淡甚至BORING,但对于不要求太多文笔更看重论述逻辑的议论文来说确实是比较高效的写法,也很适合新手考生进行模仿学习。

托福独立写作开头段高分写法:引用谚语名言

题目:

“As technologies and the demand for certain services change, many workers will lose their jobs. The responsibility for those people to adjust to such change should belong to the individual worker, not to government or to business.

模板:

As a saying goes, “God helps those help themselves”, which is true in most cases. But as far as the large numbers of laid-off workers caused by the technological and market changes are concerned, I believe the government and the business certainly have an unshakable responsibility to take.

点评:

这种写法就比较有创意了,当然大家在写中文作文时肯定也用过,就是开头就先引用个名人名言压一下场面,比如某某曾经说过。。。这样的写法。这种写法对考生的英语积累有一定要求,引用的谚语或者名言既要符合题目场景切题,考生也需要完整记住这句名言而不能自行修改甚至凭空捏造,无论是强行凑名言还是伪造的做法都只会让结果适得其反。当然这种写法能够一定程度上展现出考生的英语素养和积累,可以说是一种比较炫技的写法,大家如果在英语的言语名言方面有不错的积累可以考虑一下这种写法。

托福独立写作开头段高分写法:先复述再引出观点

题目:

"We shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us.”

模板:

I believe this statement should be interpreted broadly—to mean that we are influenced by the exterior shape of buildings, as well as by the arrangement of multiple buildings and by a building’s various architectural and aesthetic elements. While I doubt that buildings determine our character or basic personality traits, I agree that they can greatly influence our attitudes, moods, and even life styles.

点评:

这种写法比起直接开门见山亮观点的写法来说可能更加稳妥一些,毕竟先简单复述题目再表达自己观点是托福官方指南OG中比较推荐的开头写法。而且无论考生对题目观点是否赞同,对题目复述之后进行适当的让步再亮出观点也是一种比较委婉的表述方式。当然这种写法需要注意不能引用太多原题,而且不能照搬需要用自己的话来适当改动一下。这其中的度大家需要把握好,否则反而会引起一些不必要的扣分。

托福独立写作开头段高分写法:自问自答表明立场

题目:

"As technologies and the demand for certain services change, many workers will lose their jobs. The responsibility for those people to adjust to such change should belong to the individual worker, not to government or to business.”

模板:

As technology and changing social needs render more and more jobs obsolete, who is responsible for helping displaced workers adjust? While individuals have primary responsibility for learning new skills and finding work, both industry and government have some obligation to provide them the means of doing so.

点评:

自问自答式的开头段写法在托福考试官方给出的范文类资料中是比较少见的。这种设问写法的作用也很明显,通过汇总其实也就是变相复述一下原题目,对其中比较尖锐的矛盾问题直接以提问的形式来引出之后自己的看法。这种写法其实是比较挑题目的,如果作文原题是那种有明显对立互斥观点,或者要求考生二选一的题目,那么用这种写法就比较适合了。而对于一些只要求考生给出自己的观点比较平淡一些的题目,这种写法可能就会给人强行挑事的感觉了。因此大家学习这种开头模板写法需要注意根据题目来选择使用。

托福写作语料库积累:国内和国外的电影哪个更有趣

Movies and TV made in your country are more interesting compared with movies and programs made in another country?是否同意本国的电影比外国的电影更加有趣?(2013.03.16)

托福写作立场: 外国的电影电视比本国的电影电视更加有趣

托福写作思路拓展

支持外国电影:

1. 外国的电影更加有趣,因为探究未知,满足好奇心是人之本性,由于文化和历史的差异,外国的电影通常对于人们的吸引力更大。例如,我个人喜欢看外国科幻电影,科幻电影畅想未来,可以激发我的想象力和创造力。然而,本国的电影,叙述历史,情节老套,背景熟悉,可以预测故事结局,因此,很多像我一样的年轻人不感兴趣。

2. 看外国电影是一种很好的拓宽视野的方式,放松身心的方式。

3. 外国电影吸引年轻人的另外一个重要的原因就是其优质的制作,很多外国电影,场面恢弘,人物俊美,情节起伏,因此可以给观影人带来持续的新鲜感。

支持国电影:(让步段使用)

本国的电影也有利好,可以加深我们对于本民族文化的洞察,拓宽我们的知识面,激发我们的爱国热情。

托福写作语料库

1. foreign movies or TV programs = movies or TV programs made in another country 外国的电影电视

2. home-made movies or TV programs 本国的电影电视

3. exert a far more profound influence on sb 对于…… 施加了更加深远的影响

4. I enjoy a fairly diverse range of films and TV programs 我喜欢看很多类型的电影和电视节目。

5. The movies and TV shows made in foreign countries can,to larger extent, intrigue my personal interest 外国的电影电视,更大程度上使我感兴趣。

6. arouse my sympathy 引起我的共鸣

7. Science fiction movies can stir my wild imagination and develop my vivid creativity 科幻电影可以激发我丰富想象力以及创造力。

8. bring me constant sense of refreshment 给我带来持久的新鲜感

9. deepen my insight into exotic cultures 加深对于异国文化的洞察

解析:exotic adj.异国情调的

10. When I watch a foreign movie or show, I can always be greatly attracted by its gripping plot,eye-catching heroes and unexpected ending.

看外国的影视剧,我总是被其引人入胜的情节,帅气美丽的主角以及出人意料的结局所吸引。

11. Language is another reason why foreign movies and TV programs can be more fascinating than the counterpart made in one's own country.

语言是另外一个原因,为何外国电影比本国电影更加有吸引力。

12. The debate reminds me of An American classic movie, Titanic ……争议使得想起了经典的美国电影,泰坦尼克

13. Success only favors those who dare to give it a try, take risk, assume responsibilities and accept challenges.

成功青睐哪些敢于尝试,敢于冒险,承担责任以及接受挑战的人。

14. The brave ended up wining honor and enjoying tremendous reputation.

故事的结局是,勇敢者最终获得荣誉以及声名远播

解析:end up doing sth 最终以 ……为结局

15. Many home-made movies fail to arouse my interest and impulse of watching.

很多本国电影无法引起我观看的兴趣和冲动

解析:impulse n冲动

16. A good domestic movie or TV show might also be captivating.

本国制作的电影电视,也许也是有意思的。

解析:captivating 引起兴趣的;有魅力的

拓展:amusing = interesting 有意思的

拓展:fascinating =attractive 有吸引力的

17. arouse our patriotism 激发我们爱国热情

18. deepen our insight into national culture and history. 加深我们对于民族历史和文化洞察

19. In comparison with A, I have a preference for B 和…… 对比,我更加喜欢……

20. I prefer to do sth rather than do sth 我喜欢做…… 胜过做……

托福写作语料库积累:度假时是否应该带手机

Some people believe that if people are on vacation, they should leave their mobile phones at home ,to what extent do you agree or disagree? 有人认为人们在度假的时候应该把手机留在家里,你是否认同?

托福写作立场 人们在旅行的时候,携带手机是利大于弊

托福写作思路拓展

旅行时携带手机的好处:

1. 手机的一些功能可以给旅行提供具体的帮助,例如手机的APP地图软件,就可以帮助游客在谋生的城市,准确定位,及时找到目的地。同样,游客们可以使用手机预订机票和酒店。

2. 携带手机可以随时和家人朋友保持联系,尤其是在发生紧急事件的时候。

3. 手机本身具有强大的娱乐功能,可以作为旅途中一种消遣的方式。例如,我在旅行的时候,喜欢使用手机听歌、照相和刷微信。

旅行时携带手机的弊端(用于让步段):

我不得不承认,携带手机度假有时候也会有其弊端,尤其是对于难得休闲的职场人士而言,度假的目的是为了暂时地放下工作的压力和烦恼,如果旅行中突然收到公司的业务电话,需要自己结束旅行,也是令人苦恼的,但是,我认为这种情况的发生的概率还是很小的。

托福写作语料库

1. Vacation is a time for relaxation 度假是为了放松。

2. People’s preferences differ greatly in determining whether or not it is advisable to take a cell phone when they take a few days off in some hot scenic spots.

在一些热门的旅游景区度假的时候,是否携带手机,人们的喜好差异很大。

解析:People’s preferences differ greatly in determining whether or not it is advisable to do sth 关于是否做……是明智的,人们的喜好不同。

3. As for me,the merits of taking a phone outweigh its possible demerits.

对于我而言,我认为携带手机的利大于弊。

解析:the merits of …… outweigh its possible demerits ……的利大于弊

4. Taking a cell phone can help us keep in touch with our family members and friends, especially in time of emergency.

携带手机可以帮助我们和家庭成员和朋友保持联系,尤其是在发生紧急情况的时候。

解析:in time of …… 在……的时候

5. When spending holiday, people usually choose to visit some unfamiliar cities or countries,if they take a cell phone, then ,they can deal with crisis easily .

度假的时候,人们喜欢选择陌生的城市和国家,如果他们携带手机,那么,他们很容易危机处理。

解析:if …… then …… 如果…… 那么……

6. Taking a mobile phone is of great necessity for us because it is a good source of entertainment.

携带手机对于我们是必要的,因为,手机是很好的娱乐的源泉。

解析:It is a good source of entertainment 这是娱乐的源泉。

7. While travelling, people may have to spend great amounts of time on taking various public transit, seeking hotels or booking tickets,in this sense,using the various cell phone APP softwares can be time-saving and trouble-saving.

度假的时候,人们需要花费大量的时间乘坐公共交通工具,选择酒店,预定机票,因此,使用手机的APP软件可以省时省力。

解析:take various public transit v 乘坐各种公共交通工具

8. The mighty entertainment function of the cell phone can be used as a good stress-reducer. 使用手机强大的娱乐功能,是一种很好的缓解压力的方式。

解析:…… is a good stress-reducer ……是很好的缓解压力的方式

9. Playing on-line games, listening to favorite music or watching humorous movies can an ideal way to relax our bodies and ease our minds.

玩在线游戏,听我们喜爱的歌曲,看相关的幽默电影还是理想的方式放松身心。

解析:…… is an deal way to relax our bodies and ease our minds ……是很好的方式来放松我们的身心

10. Indeed,I have to concede that taking cell phones on vacation is never without its demerits.

我不得不承认的是,度假时携带手机不是没有其弊端。

解析:is never without 远非没有……

11. Constant phone calls may ruin our holidays不断地接听手机也许会毁掉我们的假期。

解析:ruin our holidays v 毁掉我们假期

12. The purpose of spending holidays is to temporarily to take a rest from stressful and arduous work.

度假的目的是为了暂时地放下工作中的压力。

解析:stressful adj 压力大

解析:arduous adj 繁重的;费力的

13. It must be quite annoying if an emergent phone call requires us to end our hardly earned vacation.

如果旅行中突然收到公司的业务电话,需要自己结束旅行,也是令人苦恼的

解析:It must be quite annoying if …… 如果……一定是令人苦脑的

解析:hardly earned vacation n 来之不易的假期

14. However, the incidence of this situation is very small because those who are on vacations, in most cases,will perfectly handle their problems in advance.

但是,我认为这种情况发生的机会是很小的,因为度假者通常会事先做好工作安排。

15. Overall,I am still convinced that it is wise to take cell phones during the vacation.

总之,度假的时候带着手机是有利好的。

解析:Overall,I am still convinced that …… 总之,我深信……

解析:it is wise to do sth 做……是明智的

托福写作语料库积累:广告是人们不健康饮食的根源吗

Do you agree or disagree: the advertising is the main cause of unhealthy eating habits? 广告是人们不健康饮食的根源?

托福写作相关提问:

Do you agree or disagree? Nowadays it is easier to maintain good health than in the past. 是否同意,现在比过去更加容易保持健康?

注意审题:不健康饮食不等于不健康

托福写作思路:让步反驳写法:(三分让步,七分反驳)

托福写作立场:广告是人们不健康饮食的根源之一,但是,不是唯一的主要的原因:

托福写作思路拓展:

让步段:广告为何是人们不健康饮食的根源:

1. 快餐食品广告会导致人们的不健康饮食。具体而言,现代人,生活节奏快,竞争激励,忙于事业,因此,为节省时间,很多人依赖快餐,但是,过度的糖分,脂肪,热量的摄入必然是有害健康。 因此,快餐广告是人们不健康饮食的根源之一。

反驳段:除了广告,不健康饮食的更加重要的原因有哪些:

1. 不健康的饮食习惯, 例如过度节食,很多年轻女孩喜欢追求苗条身体,很多人认为节食是最好的方法,但是,美丽的代价就是营养不良。

2. 不健康的饮食习惯, 例如暴饮暴食,很多人为了满足食欲,饮食无度, 过度营养物的摄入(例如海鲜类食品)必然是有害健康。

托福写作语料库:

1. Alarmingly, many modern people, especially youngsters, have been suffering from unwholesome eating habits.

令人担忧的是,很多现代人,尤其是年轻人,一直受到不健康饮食的困扰。

2. Conflicting ideas clash in whether or not the advertisement is the root cause of people’s unhealthy dietary habits.

关于广告是不是人们不健康饮食的根源,人们的观点是矛盾的。

点评:unhealthy dietary habit = unwholesome eating habit n不健康的饮食习惯;

3. In addition to the subtle influence of ads, there are still many other reasons that contribute to people’s undesirable eating habits.

除了广告的微妙影响,还有很多的原因导致了人们的不良饮食习惯。

点评:contribute to = give rise to = lead to v 导致……

4. So fierce is the competition and so fast is the tempo of modern life that the vast majority of people nearly have no time available to do the home meal.

现代社会,竞争激励,生活节奏快,现代人几乎没有时间回家做饭。

点评:fierce competition n 激励的竞争

5. Eating too much fast food is health-threatening, for fast food contains too much fat, sugar and calorie.

吃了太多的快餐有害健康,因为不少的快餐含有太多的脂肪,糖分和热量。

点评:too much intake of fast food = eat too much fast food v 吃太多的快餐食品

6. To be more precise = more precisely adv具体来讲

7. a rich variety of = various kinds of = manifold adj各种各样的

8. carbonated beverage = carbonated drinks n 碳酸饮料

点评:carbon n碳;beverage n饮料

9. …… is physically detrimental = is health-threatening = undermine one’s health v 有害身体健康(经典三剑客)

10. obesity or over-nutrition n肥胖或者营养过剩

点评:

obese adj肥胖的

over-nutritious adj营养过剩的

nutrient n营养品

11. exert a subtle influence on 对于……有微妙的影响(推荐背诵;广告必用)

12. …… is inevitably health- threatening …… 是不可避免地威胁健康

13. food preference or engorgement are still contributing factors of people’s sub-health.

偏食和暴饮暴食同样是人们亚健康的原因

词汇:engorge vt. 狼吞虎咽

14. fail to maintain well-balanced diet v不能保持均衡的饮食

15. A great many young ladies are pursing slender figure nowadays, many of them tend to believe that cutting food intake is the best method. Unfortunately, the cost of beautiful look is the mal-nutrition.

很多年轻女孩喜欢追求苗条身材,很多人认为节食是最后的方法,但是,美丽的代价就是营养不良。