托福独立写作高分思路分享

时间:2020-08-01 18:49:21

  托福独立写作高分思路分享 , 让步式写法要这么用。今天小编给大家带来了托福独立写作高分思路分享,希望可以帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

  托福独立写作高分思路分享 让步式写法要这么用

  托福独立写作思路分析

  在写一边倒的文章的时候,多数考生喜欢采用经典的五段式写法,即开头段、结尾段、中间三段三个分论点论证。这样的写法当然无可厚非,然而多数学生会碰到两个问题,一是我只能想到两个理由,第三个理由写不出来怎么办?二是我三个理由都写完了,但是字数不够300字怎么办?这样的情况,就需要我们的救命稻草"让步段"出场了。

  什么是让步段写法?

  让步段,顾名思义,就是退了一步的段落。例如,For further career success, is relate well to other people more important than studying hard at school? 选择了同意的立场,写完了三个同意的理由之后,可以再写一点让步段论述一下反方的观点,即在学校学习好也很重要。写让步段的好处有很多,一是上文提及的最实际的用途---凑字数,二是从行文逻辑看,写一段让步段也可以展现考生思维的严密性。只要时间允许,此种一举多得的做法为何不尝试呢?

  托福独立写作让步段写法讲解

  但是,让步段写作也需要遵循一定的原则。考生在写作时,应当按照三部曲进行:1)写出一个反方观点 2)进行一定程度的削弱 3)重申自己的观点。

  1. 写出反方观点

  这一步大多数同学都做得不错,但是在提出反方观点之前,可再加上一些连接词,例如admittedly, nevertheless等等。还拿之前拿到题目做例子,For further career success, is relate well to other people more important than studying hard at school? 总观点是同意,让步段写学习好也挺重要的。第一步引出反方观点时,应写:Admittedly, acquiring an excellent GPA is one significant proof of your ability, for "study" is one of the major tasks that students are supposed to fulfill in school.

  2. 进行一定程度的削弱

  这是大多数同学会忽略的一步。很多同学在写让步段的时候,喜欢跳过第二步,直接重申自己的观点,然而这样的写法会显得逻辑上牵强,行文也显得生硬。因此,在提出反方观点时要进行一定的削弱。例如在写完上文那句话之后,应加上:However, the outstanding scores only prove the intelligence of the student, while the EQ, largely reflected by how well you relate with others, plays an utmost significant role in the future career success.

  3. 重申自己的观点

  这一步非常重要,因为让步段的提出仅仅是小插曲,重要的还是自己的观点。切不可写了让步段,就忘了自己的立场,那样就是得不偿失了。因此,在写完上面两句话之后,需要再加上一句,therefore, I still hold the opinion that relate well with others is more important than acquiring high scores in school.

  在让步段的写作当中,尤其需要注意两点:1是第二步的削弱过程,这样可使文章看起来不那么唐突,更为流畅。2是另外还需注意字数的控制,让步段切不可写得超过之前的论述段的长度,否则就有观点不明确的嫌疑了。

  托福写作语料库积累:关于学校

  托福写作语料库

  学校的硬件设施 :

  gym :

  活动类型:

  哑铃do some dumbbell, 室内跑道 run on the indoor track, 在场地上打球 play some sport on the court, 水上运动do some aquatic activities, 邮箱运动如瑜伽、游泳、在跑步机上跑步aerobics like yoga, swimming, running on a treadmill

  体育馆是个休闲娱乐的地方,是打发时间的首选;在这里可以做各种各样的运动(举以上的例子)。

  A gym is the place where students can have fun and relax themselves, for many students it can be the first choices when it comes to how to spend their spare time. There are lots of fun activities you can do in the gym like, play some sports on the court, do some aerobics like yoga, swimming, and running on a treadmill,and stuff like that.

  作用:保持体型Keep fit, 有趣 have fun,放松 relax,引导学生健康、活跃的生活方式 lead a healthy and active lifestyle

  总之,很有必要建设一个体育馆。

  In a nutshell, it is really important for a university to own a nice recreation center(gym 的同义词),for it helps to promote a healthy, active lifestyle.

  实验室laboratory :

  做实验conduct research, 把理论应用于实际apply theory in practice, 直观的理解概念understand concepts intuitively(直观的),培养学生的创造力 develop students' creativity;

  实验室是好学校的重要组成部分, 然后展开实验室的作用(即以上内容)。

  Great labs are a big part of a good university, students can use the lab to apply theory into practice and conduct researches in their fields, moreover, by doing experiments students can understand the concepts better and develop their creativity.

  一个学校的软实力 :

  名声reputation :

  学校的名声跟学生没有直接关系,我觉得没啥意义。

  Reputation of a university has no direct impact on its students, and it is kind of meaningless.

  教员faculty :

  跟audit class联系在一起;

  听课是最好的了解一个学校的方式,因为教授的知识、教书技巧和方式代表着学校,而且上课中传递的价值观在很大程度上也是学校的价值观。

  Auditing class is the best to know the university better, since faculty members are an indispensable part of the university. Their knowledge,teaching skills and even the way they teach the class represent the university. The values they uphold in the class are the ones that are cherished by the university.

  地点location :

  就学校的地点可以参看之前的地点语料库:

  比如大都市metropolis, 多文化的multicultural, 方便的convenient, 公共交通 public transportation, 商店shops, 酒吧和餐馆 bars and restaurant,充满活力 full of dynamics; 当然也可以跟social里面的broaden your horizon and enrich your experience结合在一起。

  大学的大小size :

  “大”的好处 :

  多元化diverse student body, 俱乐部和社团lots of clubs and societies, 完备的设施well established facilities, 著名的教授lots of famous professors, 活动很多various activities;

  个人而言, 我喜欢较大的大学,学生团体会比较多元, 国际学生很多,他们组织好多社会活动。

  Personally, I would say I like to attend a big university. A big university tends to have a diverse student body, there might be lots of international students like me, and they organize all kinds of social activities.

  还有较大的大学会有一流的设备如图书馆、体育馆和实验设施。

  Also, a big university is likely to have very well established facilities like multi-functional libraries, recreation centers and research facilities. These are big parts of a colorful university life.

  托福写作语料库积累:关于地点

  托福写作语料库

  世界著名海滩城市World famous coastal cities:

  泰国皮皮岛:Phi Phi Island, Thailand

  巴西里约热内卢:Rio de Janiero, Brazil

  美国夏威夷、迈阿密:Hawaii, Miami USA

  南非开普敦:Cape Town, South Africa

  中国三亚:Sayan, China

  海滩风景的词:

  banana trees, palm trees(棕榈树), blossom(盛开的花), breeze, paradise(天堂)tropical, laid-back, sunshine, coconut,

  必背句子:

  里约热内卢是个好地方:

  Rio de Janiero is definitely the city that I want to visit, and it's like a treasure. It is a laid-back coastal city with lots of palm trees, banana trees along the beach. I can enjoy the breeze and drinking the coconut with a straw and lying on the beach to appreciate the beauty of mother nature.

  酒吧里面的鸡尾酒Exotic cocktails offer in local bar:

  margarita(玛格丽塔), mojito(莫吉托), long island tea(长岛冰茶)

  必背句子:

  在海滩的酒吧喝起来:

  One can never be disappointed with the exotic drinks offered in these fancy bars, like margarita, mojito, and even long island tea, which is my favorite.

  饭店里的菜品nice food/ culinary delight offered in the restaurants:

  海鲜seafood: salmon (三文鱼), tuna(金枪鱼), scallop(扇贝), clam(蛤);

  意大利面类:spaghetti, pasta, lasagna,

  当然还有:

  taco, hamburger with bacon, beef patties, tomatoes, lettuce and cheese in it, ribs, steak, Chicago style pizza, cheese steaks, Buffalo chicken wings, Macaroni & cheese 等等

  必背句子(串起来以上的食物造句):

  民以食为天:

  Also, I can enjoy the culinary delight in these western style restaurants like salmon, American style hamburgers, spaghetti and stuff like that.

  精品店的纪念品souvenir offered in the boutique:

  jewelry, bracelet, necklace

  海滩、海上活动activities:

  surfing, scuba diving, snorkeling, tubing, wakeboarding, boating, jet skiing,

  必背句子(穿起来以上的水上运动造句):

  不挑战一下水上运动不是好汉子:

  The last thing you should miss out when visiting this nice and beautiful city is sea and water activities like snorkeling, wakeboarding and even jet skiing, which is the most exciting activity. You might get a little sun burnt but still worth it.

  描述海滩必杀句子:

  去热带城市度假:

  I am a wimp(胆小鬼,用法很生动) and hate the cold,I would say I'd like to take my bathing suits and go to a warm place, a coast city like Sanya in the very south of China.

  波澜壮阔的大海让我流连忘返:

  The beach is breathtaking! There are fantastic views and the atmosphere is absolutely gorgeous! The coast is marvelous. The Sea is clear and picturesque.

  食物和美景让我欲罢不能:

  It has a grip on(控制) my sense of fun, adventure, love of food, and it is amazingly beautiful, and the people are awesome.

  个性化描述一个地方非常安全:

  It is also a very safe place. There are not many places in this world where a women can walk the streets alone in the middle of the night without fear.

  描述一个国外小镇的特色:

  The culture, language, food and people could be enormously fun and you can find many western style bars, restaurants and coffee shops virtually everywhere.

  描述北京有人情味:

  Beijing has a unique local culture and the people down there have a real appreciation for the things that make life worth living. People there are super nice, for example, they are very keen to help visitors out when they got lost somewhere.

  中国历史文化遗迹:

  北京:

  Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, the Great Wall, Lama Temple,

  十三朝古都西安因兵马俑出名:

  It had served as the nation's capital for 13 dynasties such as Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han and Tang for more than 1000 years. It is famous for its historical importance, and the city is best known for the terra cotta warriors.

  形容大城市的词:

  metropolitan, modern,international, multicultural, exciting, thrilling, fascinating, spectacular, dynamic=full of dynamics, energetic, diversified, charming, hustle-bustle, hurly – burly, eventful, overcrowded

  例句:

  喜欢大城市的喧嚣:

  I would like to study in a metropolitan city like Beijing or New York, cuz a city like is very thrilling and multi-cultural, and it's great fun to live in. You can explore its hustle bustle by going to shopping malls, restaurants, bars and even museums.

  托福写作语料库积累:关于书籍电影音乐

  托福写作语料库

  关于music的类型Type/genre: rock & roll, R&B, reggae, country, Jazz, electronic, folklore(民谣), classical music;

  伟大音乐家的名字Great Musicians:Beethoven, Bach, Mozart

  流行音乐人Pop singers: Eminem, Beyonce, Jay Z. Taylor Swift, Bruno Mars, Rihana.

  电影的类型Types of movies:thriller(惊悚片), suspense(悬疑片), comedy, action, documentary, science fiction, romance(爱情片), Animation(动画片), horror (恐怖片)

  有名的电影导演Director(后面附有该导演的著名电影名字):

  Peter Jackson: Return of the King

  Steven Speilberg: Jurassic Park (侏罗纪公园)

  James Cameron: Avatar(阿凡达), Titanic

  Christopher Nolan: the Batman, the Dark Night;

  著名演员Actors and actresses: Jackie Chen, Bruce Lee, Brad Pitt, Angelina Julie, Leonardo DiCaprio

  就电影、音乐和书籍的作用和效果而言,小编总结了一下几个共同特点;所以当考生看到任何跟电影、音乐和书籍有关的题目时都可以巧妙的应用以下理由。

  缓解压力: ease/release + my pressure/stress/tension/depression from both my life and study;

  让生活和学习变得更有效率、充实:improve /enhance/ increase + learning/study efficiency/productivity of the day;

  精神焕发:refresh myself, revitalize/revive my mood;

  激起情感和想象力:bring about different kinds of emotions; stir/stimulate my imagination; (注解:听音乐、看悬疑电影的时候)

  句子:

  小说、电影的线索很迷人:

  The storyline/plot is very attractive/engaging/intriguing;

  看电影、读小说的时候身临其境忘乎所以:

  When I read this masterpiece/watch this movie, I find time irrelevant and I totally forget about the time. I tune everything out around me and am so attracted in the storyline and I feel tied up to the character in the novel/movie.

  没有什么可以阻止我看完这部小说或电影:

  I feel like the characters in the novel/movie connect to me so much that nothing could hold me back from reading/watching it until I finish the novel/movie.



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