托福独立和综合写作有什么区别

时间:2020-08-01 18:49:24

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托福独立和综合写作有什么区别?不同题型要求及备考安排讲解

托福写作两道试题写作要求整理

托福写作包括两道试题,分别是综合写作试题部分和独立写作试题部分,两个部分需在大约50分钟的时间内完成。

综合写作试题部分

考生需要首先阅读一篇学术文章,阅读的时间是3分钟左右。然后文章隐去,这时考生需要听一段大约为1分半钟的演讲。但是考生在写作文时可以看到在放听力材料时隐去的阅读材料。考生在阅读和听录音的过程中可以做笔记来帮助答题。考生有20分钟的时间来总结听力材料中的要点,并解释这些要点与阅读材料中的要点有何关系。作文内容是根据考试所提出的问题而定的,不能由考生自由发挥。,需要考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对待某一问题的某个看法。

独立写作试题部分

考生需30分钟的时间完成这一部分写作,要求考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对某一问题的看法。考生可以自由选择材料、形式和观点等,不受题目的严格限制。本试题属于主观性题目。

托福写作备考划重点

1. 扩大词汇量

考生需要加强对词汇的整体掌握,主要包括熟悉单词的拼写、发音、词性变化和搭配用法。能够做到熟练进行单词的中英文切换。

2. 加强英文语法知识的掌握

考生需要熟练掌握英文写作中常用的时态、语态、语气和句式。能够较熟练的运用语法知识写出通顺的语句。

3. 熟悉文章结构思路

熟悉英美文章的文章结构和英美作者的写作思路。做到可以按照英美作者的逻辑观点写出较合理的议论性文章。

4. 熟悉托福写作考试特点

针对新托福写作部分的要求完成命题作文。

5. 提高快速阅读能力

做到精读和泛读二者相结合。能够迅速了解文章大意;迅速找到关键词、关键句和重要的信息点。

6. 提高精听和泛听的能力

能够迅速扑捉到听力段落的关键词、关键句和重要信息点;能够较完整的听懂文章的主要内容,归纳出文章的主旨大意。

7. 训练实战限时写作能力

练习能够结合读、听、写三项的能力在要求的时间范围内完成规定字数的命题作文。作文结构符合新托福写作部分的要求。

托福写作模板:大学对体育活动和图书馆的投资

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students' sports activities as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

托福写作模板范文参考:

I disagree strongly with the idea that the same amount of money should go to university sports activities as to university libraries. Although playing sports is a wonderful way to learn about teamwork, strategy and reaching your goals, it should not be the principal focus of a university education.

Students need the most up-to-date library facilities available to get the best education. Many of those facilities are very expensive to buy and maintain. These include computerized programs and access to Internet research databases that students can use to find information all around the world. If a university is only offering its students resources of a decade ago, it's depriving those students of a tremendous amount of information.

Even the book and magazine budget of universities has gone up tremendously in the last decade. More is being published on every subject, and every university wants to have this information available to its students.

It also costs money for universities to keep their libraries open. Students need to have access to all the libraries research tools as much of the time as possible. Because students are young and can stay up all night studying, many universities are starting to leave their libraries open all night during exam periods. This costs money, because the staff has to be paid extra to be there. It also costs money to run the building (electricity, heat) during that time.

Students at universities are only going to benefit from their education if they can get to all the tools they need to learn. Sports are secondary to the resources that students need from university libraries. For this reason, libraries should always be better funded than sports activities.

托福写作语料库积累:关于教育

托福写作语料库

一个国家教育如何提高:

课程设置要突出实用性,这样可以增加学生毕业后的就业机会。

重点词汇、短语:practical,get X.X.X ready for

I would say that the courses offered in universities should be more practical, specifically, they should get students ready for future jobs and increase students' future job opportunities.

决策者应该想办法降低高等教育的成本,现在高等教育太贵了比如生活费、书费和学费太高。

重点词汇、词组:make it accessible to ,cost of living, textbooks and skyrocketing tuitions

I would say the decision makers should figure out a way to reduce the cost tertiary education and make it accessible to everyone. Currently, our universities and colleges are super expensive, the cost of living, textbooks and skyrocketing tuitions, all these combined makes it hard for lots of brilliant kids to receive higher education.

让大学生更加自由的选择专业, 现在高考成绩一般的学生没有机会学习比较火的专业如经济金融,政府应该让学生更加自由的选择专业而不应该用高考分数限定学生的选择。

重点词汇、词组:not be motivated to 没有动力做某事, be into 非常喜欢,be given to chance to do s/th, be based on 基于

Personally, I think government should make it easier for student to choose their majors. Currently, it is very hard, if not impossible for lots of average students to choose popular majors like economics, finance and accounting, cuz you have to get a really high score in college entrance exam. As known to all, one might not be motivated to do something unless he or she is really into that, students should be given to chance to choose majors they are interested in and it shouldn't be based on exam scores, thus they will better employ their creativity and imagination and be more likely to be successful in college.

教育的功能、目标the purpose of education:

传授知识、培养实用性技术impart knowledge and cultivate practical skills, provides students with the tools and skills

句子:

The utmost purpose of education is to impart knowledge and cultivate practical skills so that the students can be successful in their future career, like to become physicians, pilots, professors, architects, even engineers.

Tertiary education(高等教育) provides students with the tools and skills that are essential for them to be successful in their future career.

培养道德情操、求实精神:develop morality and values to live a good life and build up character to seek the truth

句子:

大学教育的另外一个功能是培养学生的道德情操、正确的价值观、树立人格、求真等良好品质,这些品质对一个人的未来的职业是至关重要的。

Another important function of university is to develop morality and cultivate values to live a decent life and help the students to build up character, and to seek the truth, and I think these qualities are very important to have in order to be a mature person.

帮助学生吸收知识、协助成长: the exploration of knowledge, to help students grow, to make men complete, explore our utmost ability, constant simulation, makes us understand things better

句子:

重点词汇、词组:noble cause光荣的使命,lead X.X.X on the path of, well-rounded全面的, constant simulation 不断的刺激

高等教育是个光荣使命,在知识的道路上引导学生、帮助学生成为更加健全的人。人生就是一个不断学习的过程,大学让我们追求卓越、更好的洞察世事。

The noble cause of higher education is to lead students on the path of the exploration of knowledge, and help them to grow in to a more well rounded and compete person. You know, human beings need constant simulation to grow or it will die, university helps us to explore our utmost ability and makes us understand things better.

人人都应该给机会接受高等教育

句子:

重点词组:people from all walks of life, prestigious, be accessible/available to anyone, fairness, social status, underprivileged 弱势群体,climb up social ladder

大学教育应该人人平等,孔子说有教无类;如果只有富人有接受高等教育的机会,那么社会的不公平现象将会变得更加严重,弱势群体通往社会上层的通道就会被阻碍。

I would say that higher education should be available to people from all walks of life, as prestigious Chinese philosopher Confucius said: education should be received by anyone no matter what their social status are. Suppose higher education is available only to the rich, then only the rich will be likely to succeed and then the underprivileged will never get a chance to climb up the social ladder, that is not fair.

托福写作语料库积累:关于饮食

托福写作语料库

健康饮食的重要性 :

鼓励健康饮食习惯:encourage healthy eating habits ,

保持体形:keep fit,

集中注意力:concentrate/focus on; 容易分散注意力:get easily distracted

营养:nutrient, 特定的维生素:certain vitamins;

油腻的垃圾食品不含孩子成长所需的必要维生素,这样孩子无法在学习中集中注意力,因此学校应该鼓励健康饮食。

Greasy junk food lacks certain vitamins for the healthy development of the children, and students without sufficient healthy food might suffer from lack of concentration on their study and they get easily distracted, thus school should encourage healthy eating habit.

垃圾食品:junk food, French fries, hamburgers;

高热量:with high carbs, 油腻:greasy;

儿童肥胖:child obesity;

摄入过多的高热量垃圾食品会导致儿童肥胖。

It is really important for the school to encourage healthy eating habits, and junk food like French fries and hamburgers alike should be banned in schools. Too much junk food with high carbs leads to childhood obesity.

健康食品 :

海鲜类: salmon, tuna, shrimp

水果类:fruits such as berries, apples, cherries, pineapple, oranges, frozen grapes, watermelon, cantaloupe,

蔬菜类:Vegetables - broccoli, carrots, cherry tomatoes, potatoes and sweet potatoes

高蛋白质低热量:high in protein low carbs

非常好的结合:a wonderful combination

学校应该提供蔬菜和水果等低热量高维生素的食品。

School should offer students a variety of healthy food and snack ranging from vegetables to different kinds of fruit. Like broccoli, carrots, cherry tomatoes, and apples, cherries, pineapple are also good choices. They are low in carbs, and vitamin rich.

通过适当的教育学生会做出更好的饮食决策:

Hopefully, with proper education, students can make appropriate eating choices.

既然学生可以摄取合理的营养,他们会更加集中注意力也会保持好的体形。

Since students are getting the proper nutrients, they will concentrate better on their study and also they will be more fit.


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