托福写作和雅思写作有哪些区别

时间:2020-08-01 18:50:05

托福写作和雅思写作有哪些区别?各方面差异不同逐个分析数。今天小编给大家带来了 托福写作和雅思写作有哪些区别,希望可以帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

托福写作和雅思写作有哪些区别?各方面差异不同逐个分析

雅思写作题型特征介绍

在雅思考试中,除了口语外的三门学科都是采取笔试的形式。写作任务中的议论文部分则要求考生在40分钟内写一篇至少为250个词的文章。参加过培训或者实际考试的考生都知道,老师在培训的过程中常常会让学生留45分钟左右的时间来写议论文。因为相对雅思写作任务中的另一项---图表描述作文来说,议论文所需要的构思时间和思考表达方法的时间都要长一些。而在字数方面,雅思考试也有着比较严格的要求。一般如果写不到规定的字数,考官会认为考生没有完全完成任务,没有提供足够多的语言资料来让考官评判考生的英语水平,有的考生也会因此而在考试中失分。因为雅思写作的两个部分在写作总分计算的时候所取的比例不相同---图表作文1/3;议论文2/3,议论文成为了教师培训和学生学习的重点。

托福写作出题特点分析

新托福考试在写作的考试形式上则略有不同。从议论文角度来讲,它要求考生在30分钟内完成一篇至少300个词的文章。这个“30分钟”的要求是不可变的。也就是说,考生即使在第一部分的综合写作任务中没有用满规定的20分钟时间来完成,那节省下来的时间也不可能被叠加到第二个部分的独立写作任务,也就是议论文的写作中去。所以单从考试时间和字数要求上来看,似乎新托福要比雅思更严格一些。但是,在分析了新托福满分范文后却发现,很多文章都没有达到 300个词的最少字数,却一样得到了满分。可见,新托福可能更注重议论的方式和语言的质量,而不是一味在字数上做文章。另外,新托福写作考试的两个部分满分均为5分,考生最后的得分是平均了这两个写作任务的得分后得出的。而目前考生对综合写作任务的掌握情况比较陌生和不适应。相反,对于议论的逻辑和方式则比较能够掌握,所以,新托福的教师和考生至少在这两个任务上要花相同的精力去应对。甚至,在综合技能写作上花的时间要更多一些。

托福写作更重视情境

值得一提的是,新托福考试的宗旨是最大程度模拟考生在海外学习过程中会遇到的情境(Academic Settings),因此采用的是电脑键盘输入的方式。这一方式对于考生来说既有优点又有缺点。优点是:因为考官在评分过程中会考虑到考生写的议论文是第一稿,所以很多小的拼写错误,甚至是不影响理解的语法错误都不会导致考生直接失分。而缺点为:很多考生因为不熟悉键盘输入的方法或者盲打的方法而导致在考试中遭遇表达障碍。

托福写作解析:美国环保认证法

托福综合写作阅读材料:

In an effort to encourage ecologicallysustainable forestry practices, an international organization started issuingcertifications to wood companies that meet high ecological standards by onserving resources and recycling materials. Companies that receive thiscertification can attract customers by advertising their product as Ecocertified. Around the world, many wood companies have adopted new, ecologicallyfriendly practices in order to receive Eco certification. However, it is unlikelythat wood companies in the United Stated will do the same, for several reasons.

为了能过促进林业的可持续发展,有个国际组织开始着手给那些达到了环保和再生利用要求的木材公司颁发认证。获得认证的公司可以在广告商宣传自己是环保的,进而吸引消费者。在全球范围内来看,为了能得到环保认证,很多木材公司已经开始采用了环保策略。然而,就美国的公司来讲不太会采取同样的措施,原因如下。

First, American consumers are exposed to somuch advertising that they would not value or even pay attention to the Ecocertification label. Because so many mediocre products are labeled “new” or“improved,” American consumers do not place much trust in advertising claims ingeneral.

首先,由于每天接受大量广告的轰炸,美国消费者对于环保标签并不是很在意。由于很多的普通产品都标榜“创新”或者“升级”,美国消费者对于广告上生成的东西基本上不怎么信任。

Second, Eco certified wood will be moreexpensive than uncertified wood because in order to earn Eco certification, awood company must pay to have its business examined by a certification Agency.This additional cost gets passed on to consumers – American consumers tend tobe strongly motivated by price, and therefore they are likely to choose cheaperuncertified wood products. Accordingly, American wood companies will prefer tokeep their prices low rather than obtain Eco certification.

第二,环保认证后的木材会比普通木材价格昂过,因为木材公司必须向认证机构支付审核费用才能得到相关的认证。这份额外的支出将会转嫁给消费者,而美国的消费者对于价格非常敏感。因而,他们将倾向于选择便宜的没有认证的产品。因而,美国的木材公司还是会选择低价格而非环保认证。

Third, although some people claim that italways makes good business sense for American companies to keep up with thedevelopments in the rest of the world, this argument is not convincing.Pursuing certification would make sense for American wood companies only ifthey marketed most of their products abroad. But that is not the case –American wood businesses sell most of their products in the United States,catering to a very large customer base that is satisfied with themerchandise.

第三,尽管有人声称这样可以使美国的公司保持敏锐的商业触觉,跟上世界发展的脚步。但是,这样的说法是站不住脚的。只有当美国的木材公司主要市场是针对海外的时候,追求环保认证才变得有意义。但事实却并非如此。美国木材公司的产品主要在美国销售,而满足了主要消费者的需求就可以保证商业运行顺畅。

托福综合写作阅读部分需要提取的观点是:

- Main point: 环保认证对于美国木材公司意义不大

- Sub point 1:美国消费者对于广告上的环保认证并不信任

- Sub point 2:环保认证会提高产品价格,而美国的消费者对于价格敏感

- Sub point 3:这项认证只对海外市场有效,而美国木材公司的市场主要在国内

托福写作解析:Children and sports

托福写作题目:

Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

参考分析:

优点:对身体健康有好处;有助于培养与人和睦相处的能力;缺点:耽误学习,instant pleasure costs long-term benefits.

花很长时间搞体育的优点

(1)身体健康

(2)促进团队精神

(3)交很多朋友

花很长时间搞体育的缺点:耽误学习

参考范文:

Children and sports

Currently some young children spend a great amount of their time in practicing sports. Most parents feel quite happy because sports are good for their kids' development and team work spirit,however they are quite worried about some negative effects such as practicing sports occupies too much time, distracts their attentions on school work and loses certain interests on other activities. In my opinion, everything has its good side and bad side. The important thing is to handle it properly.

Admittedly, practicing sports can help children's physical development, which makes them grow faster and stronger than before. As we know, during children's development periods, especially from 10 to 16 years old, sports are really helpful for children to develop. Sports can create a strong body that reduces the possibility of contracting some diseases easily. Definitely we believe that children benefit from sports.

Another good thing is that sports teach us to learn how to corporate with other members in a team. Most sports are team work. If we want to play them well, we must master some skills to care about what our team members are thinking and how to adapt each other to achieve a common goal. Sports are not an individual activity, it needs corporation and mutual understanding. This is not easy to master. Of course, for parents they are delightful to see their children to get this skill from sports.

托福写作解析:怎么让新生适应学校生活

全新托福独立写作题目:

你的大学要让新生了解、适应学校生活。新生有两个选择:

1.attending a one-week orientation orintroduction program when you are in the university campus, and it will beginbefore you have the classes;

2.meeting regularly in your first yearwith a student in your major field who has entered the university for severalyears.

这是一道典型的校园类话题,相对来说比较容易。如果选择第2个选项,可以写的理由是:

1.学长学姐更有经验,可以定期交流学习和课外活动等方面的经验;

2.学长学姐可以提供选择的专业相关的信息,比如选什么课,如何为未来的职业做好准备;

3.虽然orientation在开学之前,但是熟悉适应的时间很短,只有一周时间,了解不深入

最新托福独立写作题目回忆版本二:

in order to make freshmen adapt to college life, which one is more helpful?

1.take part in the orientation program for a week;

2.meet regularly with seniors in the same major

写作思路:

本次综合写作以及独立写作难度中等。

选择二:1. 学长学姐们对环境更熟悉,可以有针对性地给新生提出生活方面的指导和建议2.定期见面可以及时了解问题,解决问题

让步段:新生见面会会促进大家建立关系

Key sentences:

1. Seniors are more familiar with the surroundings and thus more likely to provide useful advice for them.

2. The problems freshmen are faced with can be tackled effectively and timely through regular meeting.

Certainly, the orientation program can promote the establishment of close relationship among freshmen.

key words & phrase

be beneficial / conducive to, Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions

and avoid unfavorable ones, Take the essence and discard the dregs.

最新托福独立写作题目回忆版本三:

现在的很多大学为了让学生尽早适应校园生活采取了 很多种方法如果你是即将入学的一名大学生你认为下列的哪种方式最为合适。

1. attending a one-week orientation or introduction program when you are in the university campus, and it will begin before you have the classes.

2. Meeting regularly at your first year with a student in your major field who has entered the university for several years.


托福写作和雅思写作有哪些区别相关文章:

雅思口语评分标准

雅思写作误区总结

雅思口语5分和6分到底有什么区别