dear passengers, everyone! i am your tour guide lily pula, you can call me ho. this is very honored to visit the great wall with you.
from a distance, the great wall is like a huge dragon. close look, i can't see the other end of the great wall. standing on the great wall, beacon tower stands on the great wall, like a "daruma" will never fall. the great wall is an important ancient defense works, from yan started to build the great wall, the great wall has a history of more than 2000 years now!
there is a touching legend about the great wall. when building the great wall, in addition to need not to build the wall over the age of 60, other youth to build the great wall. suzhou scholar fan xiliang, in order to avoid being caught by the rulers, had to be in hiding. once, he fled to meng garden, accidentally encountered meng jiangnu. meng jiangnu is a smart beautiful girl, she and her parents hid the fan xiliang together. two old people like fan xiliang, meng jiangnu betrothed to his wife. but, the person and tragedies will descend, it is the unforeseen that newly married less than three days, fan xiliang go by officers and soldiers to catch. later, meng jiangnu trinidad tiaotiaode came to the great wall to find her husband. who knows, migrant workers told her that fan xiliang is dead. she was crying at the foot of the great wall, i don't know how long cry, listen to "bang", the great wall fall down a few kilometers.
the passengers, please do not throw garbage everywhere, and in the scribble on the chengzhuan moment. we are to meet at 7 in the gate.
The juyongguan Great Wall is one of the most renowned city, which rejects risks, ancient emperor of the barrier of northwest Beijing namely. The juyongguan built in a lofty mountain clip along, for about 20 kilometers of the valleys road, the valleys is the famous "shut ditch both capital city.
The juyongguan on both sides are "mountain city" stands, GuanCheng climbing steep cliffs, not of the conjugate control, topped south Beijing channel. This absolutely risk topography, decided the importance of its military, ancient strategist, calls it "the KongE north-south ancient giant prevent". The tang dynasty poet in the frontier GaoShi, describe the juyongguan road when XianGuan males wrote: "absolutely slope under water, even the high peaks cloud.
Sometime in the name of the man, according to the yuan dynasty recorded is qin shihuang had, in the far XiJu paihuli." The clutch is MinFu excise to residents. In the name of the clutch in earlier than qin shihuang unified national before. Writing in the warring states period wonderful indeology in: "the world nine fill, ranking the record count one. In the famous mountain in shansi eight Xing arranged in eighth, namely, the juyongguan KongE JunDouShan Xing the army. The juyongguan long years, in the town of though is always soldiers, but repeatedly called, said "yi kingdoms west", when Leonard changes of beiqi and close, "tang said" thistle gates first, "modified" army off ". By liao later jin, yuan, Ming and qing so far, he always called the juyongguan.
Zhu zhu's regime established destroy the yuan dynasty (AD YuHongWu three years after 137 years) sent founding fathers xu-da conquer built the juyongguan city, this is built in Ming dynasty wall pass first recorded. Thus, the juyongguan the important strategic position. Xu GuanCheng, build is great. Ancient records: "cross two mountain, ten mile high on Monday, four cubits two feet." The juyongguan established in the city after thousands of Augustan, keep for years (A.D. 1404 years in the yongle and defended, promoted by five thousands hachmonite.
Since the juyongguan HongWuJian shut, all previous dynasties have built after a bigger is early in. After the change, when the civil BingBu YuQian ministers in the Ming emperor: count the portal, appropriate for capital levels are eager to garrison is rebuilt the juyongguan king platform. The juyongguan south that MenE remaining embedded: "the juyongguan" stone plaque on eight months 550 years "in good day made" signature.
The juyongguan Great Wall city, but also XianAi, undergo a pass more fires baptism, there was a few games decided to court director of battle. Fate
Four northern song dynasty (AD 1122 marketing in the liao, is the first gold out of the juyongguan lay, and then south into invading liao, straight. Take all yanjing
Rulers later, Mongolian forces had repeatedly conquer the juyongguan. But two years (A.D. 1209 jiading TaiZu rate in yuan, because when the juyongguan army offensive attack JinBing PingXian stick to and not for long. Finally the Mongolian soldiers ZiJingGuan, then turn round the attack by two state resources, easy GuanLi outward, two sides flanked, just captured the juyongguan.
Ming army, also first strike destroyed under $, then the juyongguan left unchallenged, she picked the Beijing yuan dynasty. 277 years later, the article analyzes farmers insurgents, is captured, then the juyongguan into Beijing to overthrow the rotten respectively.
In the history, though the juyongguan weather-beaten the war, but most of the time, here is a picture of peace. In 1971, in Inner Mongolia and ringo in an east han found, there is a picture of a "make jun from numerous Yang moved degrees of closing the mural, a vivid description of horses at the juyongguan scene. Bustling exchanges This picture precious mural to justify the juyongguan more than 2,000 years ago, already is the important gateway communication inside and outside the Great Wall.
In the north of China， there lies a 6，700-kilometer-long (4，161-mile-long) ancient wall. Now well-known as the Great Wall of China， it starts at the Jiayuguan Paof Gansu Province in the west and ends at the Shanhaiguan Paof Hebei Province in the east. As one of the Eight Wonders in the world， the Great Wall of China has become the symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture.
Lots of beautiful legends and stories about the Great Wall took place following along the construction， and since that time these stories have spread around the country. Those that happened during construction are abundant， such as Meng Jiangnu‘s story and the legend of the Jiayuguan Pass. Meng Jiangnu‘s story is the most famous and widely spread of all the legends about the Great Wall. The story happened during the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC). It tells of how Meng Jiangnu‘s bitter weeping made a section of the Great Wall collapse. Meng Jiangnu‘s husband Fan Qiliang was caught by federal officials and sent to build the Great Wall. Meng Jiangnu heard nothing from him after his departure， so she set out to look for him. Unfortunately， by the time she reached the great wall， she discovered that her husband had already died. Hearing the bad news， she cried her heart out. Her howl caused the collapse of a part of the Great Wall. This story indicates that the Great Wall is the production of tens of thousands of Chinese commoners.
Another legend about the Jiayuguan Patells of a workman named Yi Kaizhan in the Ming Dynasty (1368BC-1644BC) who was proficient in arithmetic. He calculated that it would need 99，999 bricks to build the Jiayuguan Pass. The supervisor did not believe him and said if they miscalculated by even one brick， then all the workmen would be punished to do hard work for three years. After the completion of the project， one brick was left behind the Xiwong city gate. The supervisor was happy at the sight of the brick and ready to punish them. However Yi Kaizhan said with deliberation that the brick was put there by a supernatural being to fix the wall. A tiny move would cause the collapse of the wall. Therefore the brick was kept there and never moved. It can still be found there today on the tower of the Jiayuguan Pass.
In addition to the above-mentioned stories about the construction of the Great Wall， there are also plenty of stories about current scenic spots. A famous one is the legend of the Beacon Tower. This story happened during the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-711 BC). King You had a queen named Bao Si， who was very pretty. King You liked her very much， however Bao Si never smiled. An official gave a suggestion that setting the beacon tower on fire would frighten the King‘s subjects， and might make the queen smile. King You liked the idea. The subjects were fooled and Bao Si smiled at the sight of the chaos. Later enemies invaded Western Zhou， King You set the beacon tower on fire to ask for help. No subjects came to help because they had been fooled once before. Thus， King Zhou was killed by the enemy and Western Zhou came to an end.
China's Great Wall is in the human history of civilization the greatest architectural engineering. It located at China's capital Beijing. He is China is most famous, greatest construction. The Great Wall is the miracle which our country ancient times the working people created. Starts from the Warring States time, constructs Great Wall has been a big project. It has 6700 kilometers. Our country ancient times millions of working people have contributed the wisdom for it, has drained away the blood and sweat, causes it to become a world big miracle. Therefore said that the Great Wall is China's symbol
To the northwest and north of Beijing, a huge, serrated wall zigzags it's way to the east and west along the undulating mountains. This is the Great Wall, which is said to be visible from the moon. Construction of the Great Wall started in the 7th century B.C. The vassal states under the Zhou Dynasty in the northern parts of the country each built their own walls for defence purposes. After the state of Qin unified China in 221 B.C., it joined the walls to hold off the invaders from the Xiongnu tribes in the north and extended them to more than 10,000 li or 5,000 kilometers. This is the origin of the name Of the "10,000-li Great Wall". The Great Wall was renovated from time to time after the Qin Dynasty. A major renovation started with the founding of the Ming Dynasty in 1368, and took 200 years to complete. The wall we see today is almost exactly the result of this effort. With a total length of over 6,000 kilometers, it extends to the jiayu Pain Gansu Province in the west and to the mouth of the Yalu River in Liaoning Province in the east. What lies north of Beijing is but a small section of it.
as the saying goes, "not a true man unless he comes to the great wall", climb the great wall have the constancy, and never quit the perseverance and determination, can't give up halfway! we can watch while climbing. i'll introduce the great wall for everybody: the great wall is composed of guancheng, beacon tower pier of watchtowers, smoke, and the barbican, wall, wall, the crenel, perforation, hole, etc. beacon tower pier and smoke is used to transfer the situation of the enemy. in smoke on the pier burning smoke during the day, how much smoke the heap represents the number of enemy soldiers. night can't see the smoke, a fire on the beacon tower. this way of passing information at that time is the most rapid and most effective, the beacon tower has played a very big effect.
at this moment, i saw a kid to climb on the wall. i put him down for everyone, said: "please note that can't climb on the wall, it is very dangerous. outside the wall is dangerous mountain, it's no fun to fall down!" here, i'll tell you something about a story about the great wall: once upon a time, a man named meng jiangnu, she went to send clothes for repairing the husband of the great wall. she reached the great wall, but didn't find her husband. she hurriedly ask others, others say that he had been buried in the great wall. her sad cry, cry for many years, finally, her tears fell the great wall, finally saw her husband.
the great wall is very beautiful, very spectacular, winding, welcome you to touring!